What is Gonorrhoea?

This is a bacterial infection. It is passed on through sexually exposure (oral, vaginal or rectal). Occasionally, the eyes can be infected by finger transfer or semen splashes which causes conjunctivitis.

We are worrying more about this infection as the bacteria is becoming harder to treat (antibiotic resistance).

Transmitted via all types of sex

May not have symptoms

Becoming resistant to treatment

Risk factor for HIV transmission

What are the symptoms?

In up to 60% men and 80% women, there are no symptoms at all!

Women / I have a vagina: may notice an increase in the discharge from the vagina, pain passing urine, itching of the vulva (lips around the vagina), pain in the lower tummy, bleeding after sex or between their periods.

Men / I have a penis: may notice pain when they pass urine, a greenish/yellow discharge from the end of the penis, pain in the balls, pain in the joints.

Anal infection: there may be a discharge from the back passage and pain when going to the toilet. Often no symptoms.

Throat (through oral sex): there are usually no symptoms.

An infected mother may pass the infection to the baby during delivery and the baby could develop conjunctivitis.

How is it diagnosed?

It can be diagnosed by looking at some of the genital fluid taken onto a slide and looked at down a microscope in the Department though there will also need to be confirmation by the lab (which is usually how it is diagnosed in most clinics. This can take up to a week though treatment may be given on clinical grounds.

What is the treatment?

It is treated with antibiotics, which consists of an injection together with antibiotic tablets.

Gonorrhoea is becoming more and more difficult to treat due to resistance to antibiotics.

Partner(s) will need treatment too.

Useful Information

For more information visit the FPA website.